Lindera benzoin / Spicebush


A shrub of average to moist shade, with aromatic foliage and bright red fruits. Utilized by migrating birds, including thrushes, as a high-lipid migration food. Also used for tea, herbal remedies, and culinary spice.

Excellent early season pollinator plant. Host plant for the beautiful Spicebush Swallowtail caterpillar, as well as the Promethea moth.

Spicebush individuals are female or male. They require both to produce fruit. Our plants are not sexed.

Height: 4′ – 10′        Blooms: April       Fruits: September, October

Siting: Average to moist soils, part shade to shade. Tolerates full sun with consistent moisture.

Deer Resistance: Moderate

Provenance: NJ


BONAP 2022 Lindera benzoin Native Range Map

Larval Host Plant (butterflies):
Spicebush Swallowtail

Larval Host Plant (moths):
Promethea Moth
Saddleback Caterpillar
Tulip-tree Beauty

Additional information


Quart, Two Quart